The first apparent usage of the term "euthanasia" belongs to the historian Suetoniuswho described how the Emperor Augustus"dying quickly and without suffering in the arms of his wife, Livia, experienced the 'euthanasia' he had wished for. In particular, these include situations where a person kills another, painlessly, but for no reason beyond that of personal gain; or accidental deaths that are quick and painless, but not intentional. A kills another person B for the benefit of the second person, who actually does benefit from being killed".
This fact sheet is based upon developments in the Netherlands through Right-to-die advocates often point to Holland as the model for how well physician-assisted, voluntary euthanasia for terminally-ill, competent patients can work without abuse. But the facts indicate otherwise. However, as the result of various court cases, doctors who directly kill patients or help patients kill themselves will not be prosecuted as long as they follow certain guidelines.
The patient must be experiencing unbearable pain. The patient must be conscious. The death request must be voluntary.
The patient must have been given alternatives to euthanasia and time Voluntary active euthanasia consider these alternatives. There must be no other reasonable solutions to the problem.
There must be more than one person involved in the euthanasia decision. Only a doctor can euthanize a patient. Great care must be taken in actually making the death decision.
The question of whether a patient should live or die is often decided exclusively by a doctor or a team of physicians. It concerns an action of which death is the purpose and the result.
One such example was discussed during the December Institute for Bioethics conference in Maastricht, Holland. The two volume report 6 —popularly referred to as the Remmelink Report after Professor J. The data indicate that, despite long-standing, court-approved euthanasia guidelines developed to protect patients, abuse has become an accepted norm.
According to the Remmelink Report, in That is only half the population of California. To get some idea of how the Remmelink Report statistics would apply to the U. If the family doctor does not report a case of voluntary euthanasia or an assisted suicide, there is nothing to control.
The study found that, in spite of the fact that medical care is provided to everyone in Holland, palliative care comfort care programs, with adequate pain control techniques and knowledge, were poorly developed.
As of mid, only two hospice programs were in operation in all of Holland, and the services they provided were very limited. Versluys also indicated that euthanasia is an integral part of good medical practice in relation to newborn babies. Liesbeth Rensman, a spokesperson for the Ministry, said that this would be the first step toward the official sanctioning of euthanasia for those who cannot ask for it, particularly psychiatric patients and handicapped newborns.
The court found that psychiatrist Dr. Boudewijn Chabot was medically justified and followed established euthanasia guidelines in helping his physically healthy, but depressed, patient commit suicide. The patient, year-old Hilly Bosscher, said she wanted to die after the deaths of her two children and the subsequent breakup of her marriage.
According to the Elderly Society director, Hans Homans. Dutch physicians openly defied an order to treat only those patients who had a good chance of full recovery. They recognized that to comply with the order would have been the first step away from their duty to care for all patients. The German officer who gave that order was later executed for war crimes.
Remarkably, during the entire German occupation of Holland, Dutch doctors never recommended nor participated in one euthanasia death. In actual practice, euthanasia only gives doctors greater power and a license to kill.
A patient can no longer be sure what role the doctor will play—healer or killer. Unlike Holland, where medical care is automatically provided for everyone, in the U.
If euthanasia and assisted-suicide were to become accepted in the U. Even with health care reform in the U.Voluntary euthanasia is conducted with the consent of the patient. Active voluntary euthanasia is legal in Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.
Passive voluntary euthanasia is legal throughout the US per Cruzan torosgazete.comor, Missouri Department of Health. Jan 04, · Overview of anti-euthanasia arguments. It's possible to argue about the way we've divided up the arguments, and many .
Euthanasia: Euthanasia, act or practice of painlessly putting to death persons suffering from painful and incurable disease or incapacitating physical disorder or allowing them to die by withholding treatment or withdrawing artificial life-support measures.
Because there is no specific provision for it in most. discuss the issues: legislation on assisted suicide and euthanasia. The Evelyn Martens’ case illustrates the terrible inadequacy of our Canadian law on assisted suicide; she was vigorously prosecuted, over a period of two and a half years, for .
Voluntary euthanasia is the practice of ending a life in a painless manner. Voluntary euthanasia (VE) and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) have been the focus of great controversy in recent years..
As of , some forms of voluntary euthanasia are legal in Belgium, Colombia, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Canada. Voluntary euthanasia. Voluntary active euthanasia is the administration, by the physician, of a lethal agent (or the administration of a therapeutic agent at a lethal dose), with the intent to cause a patient’s death for the purpose of relieving intolerable, intractable, and incurable pain.