The Self-Concept Theory of Carl Rogers Psychologists hold an array of different perspectives on what ultimately drives human behavior. The psychoanalysts such as Freud thought our behavior was motivated by innate drives and instincts, whereas behaviorists such as Skinner hold that our behavior is solely determined by external re-enforcers in the environment.
By Saul McLeodupdated Carl Rogers was a humanistic psychologist who agreed with the main assumptions of Abraham Maslowbut added that for a person to "grow", they need an environment that provides them with genuineness openness and self-disclosureacceptance being seen with unconditional positive regardand empathy being listened to and understood.
Without these, relationships and healthy personalities will not develop as they should, much like a tree will not grow without sunlight and water.
Rogers believed that every person could achieve their goals, wishes, and desires in life. When, or rather if they did so, self actualization took place.
This was one of Carl Rogers most important contributions to psychology, and for a person to reach their potential a number of factors must be satisfied. Rogers rejected the deterministic nature of both psychoanalysis and behaviorism and maintained that we behave as we do because of the way we perceive our situation.
Like a flower that will grow to its full potential if the conditions are right, but which is constrained by its environment, so people will flourish and reach their potential if their environment is good enough. However, unlike a flower, the potential of the individual human is unique, and we are meant to develop in different ways according to our personality.
Rogers believed that people are inherently good and creative. They become destructive only when a poor self-concept or external constraints override the valuing process.
Carl Rogers believed that for a person to achieve self-actualization they must be in a state of congruence.
Rogers describes an individual who is actualizing as a fully functioning person. The main determinant of whether we will become self-actualized is childhood experience.
The Fully Functioning Person Rogers believed that every person could achieve their goal. This means that the person is in touch with the here and now, his or her subjective experiences and feelings, continually growing and changing.
In many ways, Rogers regarded the fully functioning person as an ideal and one that people do not ultimately achieve. Rogers identified five characteristics of the fully functioning person: Negative feelings are not denied, but worked through rather than resorting to ego defense mechanisms.
Being able to live and fully appreciate the present, not always looking back to the past or forward to the future i. A person does not play safe all the time. This involves the ability to adjust and change and seek new experiences.
For Rogers, fully functioning people are well adjusted, well balanced and interesting to know. Often such people are high achievers in society. Critics claim that the fully functioning person is a product of Western culture.
In other cultures, such as Eastern cultures, the achievement of the group is valued more highly than the achievement of any one person. Personality Development Central to Rogers' personality theory is the notion of self or self-concept.
This is defined as "the organized, consistent set of perceptions and beliefs about oneself. The self is our inner personality, and can be likened to the soul, or Freud's psyche. The self is influenced by the experiences a person has in their life, and out interpretations of those experiences.
Two primary sources that influence our self-concept are childhood experiences and evaluation by others. According to Rogerswe want to feel, experience and behave in ways which are consistent with our self-image and which reflect what we would like to be like, our ideal-self.
The closer our self-image and ideal-self are to each other, the more consistent or congruent we are and the higher our sense of self-worth. A person is said to be in a state of incongruence if some of the totality of their experience is unacceptable to them and is denied or distorted in the self-image.
The humanistic approach states that the self is composed of concepts unique to ourselves. The self-concept includes three components: Self-worth Self-worth or self-esteem comprises what we think about ourselves.Carl Rogers (Theory of Personality) Uploaded by Jennibeth Contribution of Carl Rogers in the field of Psychology; the most important feature of personality is the self/self-concept.5/5(26).
Carl rogers theory of self concept - Think 24 7 - Content ResultsMost Popular · Education Answers · Compare Results · Quality AdviceService catalog: Compare Courses, Exam Results, Local Schools, Advice, Online Courses. Revisiting Carl Rogers Theory of Personality.
What may be of interest is that Carl Rogers is ranked number 6. Rogers identified one’s self-concept as the frame upon which personality is developed. It is the purpose of each person to seek congruence (balance) in three areas of their lives.
PDF | This study examined the self theory of Carl Rogers in depth. There are some important concepts illuminated well, considering one's personality development.
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The self-concept, according to Rogers, refers to the ‘mental picture’ that individuals have of themselves. This mental picture is strongly influenced by the conditions of worth set out by others. Furthermore, the individual also has an ideal self-concept, that is, the self-concept that individual would most like .