Roosevelt's parents, who were sixth cousins,  both came from wealthy old New York families, the Roosevelts and the Delanosrespectively. Roosevelt's patrilineal ancestor migrated to New Amsterdam in the 17th century, and the Roosevelts flourished as merchants and landowners. His father, James Roosevelt I, graduated from Harvard Law School inbut chose not to practice law after receiving an inheritance from his grandfather, James Roosevelt.
Visit Website Did you know? Encouraged by his wife, Eleanor, FDR appointed more women to federal posts than any previous president; he also included black Americans in federal job programs though they remained largely segregated. Roosevelt attended law school at Columbia University and worked for several years as a clerk in a Wall Street law firm.
Inhe entered politics, winning a state senate seat as a Democrat in the heavily Republican Dutchess County. He would hold that post for the next seven years, traveling to Europe in to tour naval bases and battlefields after the U.
Smith for president though Smith lost the nomination and the Democrats lost the general election. Smith lost to Herbert Hooverbut Roosevelt won. Governor Roosevelt grew more liberal in his policies as New York and the nation sank deeper into economic depression after the stock market crash of Roosevelt Enters the White House Re-elected as governor inRoosevelt emerged as a front-runner for the Democratic presidential nomination two years later.
In addition, Democrats won sizeable majorities in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. By the time Roosevelt was inaugurated on March 4,the Depression had reached desperate levels, including 13 million unemployed.
He also began holding open press conferences and giving regular national radio addresses in which he spoke directly to the American people. After passage of the Emergency Banking Relief Act, three out of every four banks were open within a week.
He faced opposition from the Supreme Court over his New Deal programs, and proposed an expansion of the court that would allow him to appoint one new justice for every sitting justice 70 or older. Republicans gained ground in the midterm congressional elections, however, and soon formed an alliance with conservative Democrats that would block further reform legislation.
By the end ofas support for the New Deal was waning, Roosevelt faced a new looming challenge, this time on the international stage. Germany captured France by the end of Juneand Roosevelt persuaded Congress to provide more support for Britain, now left to combat the Nazi menace on its own.
Despite the two-term tradition for presidents in place since the time of George WashingtonRoosevelt decided to run for reelection again in ; he defeated Wendell L. Wilkie by nearly 5 million votes. On December 8,the day after Japan bombed the U.
The first president to leave the country during wartime, Roosevelt spearheaded the alliance between countries combating the Axis, meeting frequently with Churchill and seeking to establish friendly relations with the Soviet Union and its leader, Joseph Stalin.
Meanwhile, he spoke constantly on the radio, reporting war events and rallying the American people in support of the war effort as he had for the New Deal. Yalta Conference and Franklin D. The Soviet leader kept that promise, but failed to honor his pledge to establish democratic governments in the eastern European nations then under Soviet control.
After Roosevelt returned from Yalta, he was so weak that he was forced to sit down while addressing Congress for the first time in his presidency. In early Aprilhe left Washington and traveled to his cottage in Warm Springs, Georgiawhere he had long before established a nonprofit foundation to aid polio patients.
On April 12, Roosevelt suffered a massive cerebral hemorrhage; he died later that day, and was succeeded in office by his vice president, Harry S.
Start your free trial today.Franklin D. Roosevelt Today, Competition, Cooperation, Strive The United States Constitution has proved itself the most marvelously elastic compilation of rules of government ever written.
Franklin D. Roosevelt's Address at Madison Square Garden, New York City, October 31, ). Copy quote True individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. Oct 12, · Franklin D. Roosevelt: Franklin D.
Roosevelt, 32nd president of the United States (–45). The only president elected to the office four times, he led the U.S.
through the Great Depression and World War II. He greatly expanded the powers of the federal government through a series of programs and reforms known as the New Deal. Assuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression as our 32nd President (), Franklin D. Roosevelt helped the American people regain faith in themselves.
Franklin D. Roosevelt's Address at Marietta, Ohio, July 8, Copy quote Human kindness has never weakened the stamina or softened the fiber of a free people. Quotations of Franklin D. Roosevelt (Great American Quote Books) [Franklin D.
Roosevelt] on torosgazete.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. America's 32nd president, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected to the country's top office four times5/5(1).